Beginner’s tutorial for macOS

So let’s begin with macOS tutorial.

This is the default screen of macOS

which is known as desktop

and on the top we get a horizontal bar

which is known as menu bar.

At the bottom of the desktop we can find dock

on which App shortcuts are present.

So first let’s check the features of the menu bar.

So first we have Apple logo in which the first option is

About this Mac

from About this Mac we can check the system’s hardware configuration

and find the macOS version

as you can see here.

Below About this Mac we can find System Preferences.

System Preferences is basically a control panel

from where we can modify the software and hardware settings.

Further in this video we will check the System Preferences in detail.

After this we can find Appstore

by clicking on which opens Appstore.

Below it we have Recent Items

which shows the recently opened items.

After this we have Force Quit.

By using Force Quit we can check which apps are open

and if an app hangs

we can forcefully quit it from here.

Below Force Quit we can find

Sleep

Restart

Shutdown

Lockscreen

and Log Out Options.

Besides the Apple logo we can find

Finder

Finder is macOS’s default file manager

which can be used to browse the macOS.

We will discuss about Finder in detail later.

After Finder the next important option is GO.

By using GO we can directly go to any location.

like we can to Downloads

similarly we can click on GO and go to applications

where we can find all the installed apps.

Now let’s check the icons on the right hand side of the menu bar.

Over here you can find WiFi icon

from where you can connect or disconnect the WiFi network.

After this we have Battery icon

by clicking on which you can show or hide the battery percentage.

After Battery icon we have

Date and Time

which can be set to Digital or Analog.

After this you can find the Logged In User’s name

besides which we have Spotlight Search.

which is macOS’s lightning fast search engine

from where you can search anything within this macOS.

Finally we can find the Notifcation Bar

from where you can check the notifcations.

So these were the default menu bar details

but if you see closely there are some icons missing.

like Volume and Bluetooth icons

So in order to bring these icons to the menu bar

we will go to System Preferences

and click on Sound.

And here on the bottom we will click on

show volume in menu bar

due to which we can find the Volume icon on the menu bar

Similarly we can go to Bluetooth

and tick on show Bluetooth in menu bar

due to which now we find the Bluetooth icon on the menu bar.

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And in order to rearrange or remove these icons

you need to press and hold the command button on your keyboard

and by dragging left or right with the pointer

you can rearrange these icons

or by dragging the icons down you can remove them as well

as you can see in the video.

Now let’s check the Dock

on the dock we can find the shortcuts for the installed applications

and at the very end we have Trash Bin.

The actual location of all the shortcuts is the Application folder

here you can see that the Safari app is installed

and if you remove it from the dock

it will not be deleted from the Applications folder

because there are only shortcuts on the dock

and we can drag Safari back to dock

For dock settings we will go to system preferences

and select dock.

Here we can set the dock size

which you can see in real time

and by turning on magnification the dock icons will magnify

when we scroll the pointer through them.

And the magnification size can be set manually

and from here we can set the dock’s positioning to the left

or bottom

or to the right.

And by ticking on this option we can auto hide the dock as well

and the shortcuts which you don’t want on the dock

that can be removed by clicking on secondary

and then selecting the Remove from Dock option

or you can directly remove them by drag and drop.

Let’s remove some shortcuts from here

Now we will check important system preferences settings

Firstly we have General

In Appearance we can set between light and dark theme

and by using this option we can auto hide the menu bar

After this we have desktop and screen saver settings

from where you can set the desktop wallpaper and screen saver

After this we have dock settings

which we have already checked in detail.

After this in important settings, we can find Internet Accounts

Here accounts such as iCloud, Google, Yahoo

and other accounts can be added

which will get synchronized by the macOS’s mail app

Users & Groups

From here we can add and delete user accounts

and also change the related settings

and by using Bluetooth settings, Bluetooth can be turned On or Off

and also pair Bluetooth devices.

In Sound settings, you can see the output and input devices

and also modify the related settings.

And most importantly let’s check the Trackpad settings

In trackpad by default, the secondary click is by two fingers

but we will set it to bottom right click

just like Windows laptop

and on the right, you can also watch the preview video

And below this, we will also enable tap to click.

Here we can also set the trackpad’s tracking speed

From the Scroll & Zoom tab,

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we can set the scroll direction

and check the zoom in and zoom out gestures

with video preview on right.

Similarly, you can also see the smart zoom and rotate gestures.

In More Gestures, you can see swipe between pages,

swipe between Fullscreen apps, Notification Center, Launchpad, etc

all these trackpad gestures can be learned.

Apple’s trackpad is one of the best trackpads

which makes the overall user experience better.

In Display, you can change the display resolution and brightness

and other display-related changes can be done.

In Energy-saving settings, if you have a dual graphics MacBook

you can turn On or Off the Automatic graphics switching

and energy saver related settings

for the battery and power adapter can be set separately.

Lastly from the Date and Time,

you can set the date and time-related settings.

Now let’s check the macOS’s Finder

which is macOS’s default file manager

Firstly we will go to Finder Preferences and tick on Hard-disk

due to which we will get the built-in hard-disks icon on the desktop.

We can click on finder icon on the dock to open the Finder window

or double click on the hard disk icon to open the Finder window

On the left-hand side of the Finder window, we can find

sidebar

in which we can find the Favourites and Tags option.

On the Finder window’s top left corner

three colored circles

from which using the Green colored circle we can make the window full-screened

and in order to exit the full screen

we need to click the Green circle again.

Using the Yellow circle minimizes the window

which goes to the dock

from where we can bring it back

and by using the Red circle we can close the window

but most of the applications don’t close by the Red circle.

Let’s check an example

we will open Safari app

you can see that in the menu bar Safari’s menu is merged

and even after clicking the Red circle

Safari app is still open in the background

as you can see in the menu bar.

To quit this, we can go to Safari

and select the Quit Safari option

which will completely close the Safari app.

So this is how you can close the application.

We can resize the Finder window from any corner easily

as you can see

We can easily browse any files from the Finder window

on the left, we can find a sidebar

where under Favourites

Airdrop, Recents, Desktop, etc

their location shortcuts can be found.

You can also easily customize these

by going into Finder preferences

We need to select sidebar

and from here you can add or remove shortcuts from the favorites

as you can see in the video.

By double-clicking on the harddisk

we can directly come to the hard disks root location

where we can find four folders

At the very first, we have Applications folder

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in which all our installed applications are present.

Second folder is Library

in which macOS related important files are present.

Third folder is System

in which again macOS related important folders are present.

And at last we can find the users folder

in which we have the actual user’s, home folders

and under home folders there are actual predefinded folders

like desktop, documents, downloads, etc

In fact, all the shortcuts on the sidebar are from these locations

Now we will learn how to create a new folder

and how to rename, cut, copy and paste.

In order to create a new folder

you need to click secondary and select new folder

you can rename it on the spot

or do secondary click and

select the rename option

as you can see in the video.

We will rename it as

Demo

We can drag and drop this folder to rearrange it

or you can do a secondary click

and select the sort by name option to rearrange it alphabetically.

In order to delete this folder

you can secondary and select the move to bin option to delete it

which will dump it in the trash bin.

From the trash bin

you can permanently empty it

or you can do the secondary click

and select the put back option to recover it as well.

which will put it back to it’s original location

from where it was deleted.

In order to copy and paste

you need to select the copy option from the secondary click

then go to the desired location and from the secondary option

click on paste item

which will paste it.

So this was a very easy step

but in macOS, to cut, paste or move is a bit different

if you notice, you will see that after secondary click

you won’t find the cut option anywhere

but don’t worry it’s a bit of a tricky step

you need to select the copy option

and then go to the location you want to move it to

and do the secondary click

and simultaneously you need to press the option button on the keyboard

due to which we can find the move option

which will move the copied item here.

So friends this was today’s basic tutorial video

we will upload more Mac related videos

like tips and tricks,

keyboard shortcuts and must have apps on Mac systems

If you liked this video,

please do like and share it

and you also ask MacOS related questions in the comment section

and most importantly don’t forget to subscribe to our channel

Soon we will meet with a new and interesting video

till then, Be Home and Be Safe

take care bye bye.

 

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